"Mrs. Madison's Slaves Again"
Mrs. Madison's Slaves Again.
Eds. Albany Patriot:
GENTLEMEN – You have readily admitted to your columns my account of the manner in which Mrs. Madison deals with her people, called slaves. I have a correction or two which I wish to make. It is difficult to gather and state such facts as I had to deal with in this case, with perfect accuracy. Substantially I have stated the facts as they actually exist, but there are one or two particulars to be varied and enlarged. Congress actually paid thirty thousand dollars for the Madison manuscripts instead of twenty thousand, as I have before stated the sum. The man sold by Mrs. Madison was the confidential and personal attendant of Mr. Madison for sixteen years, and not twenty-five. Immediately after the death of her husband, Mrs. Madison promised to set the man free, as she knew was the wish and expectation of Mr. Madison. After she brought him to this city he worked a year and a half or two years on wages, which she took to the last red cent, leaving him to get his clothes by presents, night-work, or as he might. Thus situated, and fearing every day her wants might urge her to sell him to the traders, he insisted she should fix the price, which he would contrive to pay, whatever he might be. Two hundred dollars he actually did advance to her. The girl, Helen, she agreed to send to the street-pump at dusk. Two traders were actually there to seize her, but they happened not to recognize her, and she passed them and made tracks down street. At the time of Mr. Madison's death, there were one hundred and fifteen (115) slaves on the place. He is supposed to have left an estate equal to one hundred thousand dollars, and nearly all of it to his wife. The farm is gone, and all the slaves excepting a mother and three or four children. These it is said are levied upon by the officer.
If my first letter is copied into any paper, I will thank the editor to subjoin these additional facts in a postscript. Yours, sincerely, Hampden.
Washington, March 8, 1848.
[Published in the Albany Patriot]
|Andrew Jackson Statue, Lafayette Square||A slave helps craft this statue and the Capitol's statue of freedom...|
|The White House||From slavery to sit-ins....|
|Dolley Madison's House||A former slave shows charity toward an impoverished First Lady.|
|St John's Church||Free and enslaved African Americans are married and baptized at the President's parish...|
|Weddings at St. John's Church||Selected entries from the St. John's Church marriage register.|
|Daniel Webster's House||A slave plans a daring escape, but has a change of heart...|
|Decatur House||Where Charlotte Dupuy takes a brave stand against slavery.|
|Ewell House||Buying, selling, and resisting.|
|Charlotte Dupuy||Charlotte Dupuy, an enslaved woman who sued her owner Henry Clay for her freedom.|
|Lafayette Square||An enslaved woman buys her freedom and changes the nation's history....|
|Elizabeth Keckly (1818-1907)||Elizabeth Keckly was born into slavery in 1818. She went on to purchase her own freedom and establish a successful dressmaking business.|
|Frederick Douglass||Revered African American leader.|
|Members of Gadsby's Enslaved Household||A list of their names and ages.|
|Paul Jennings||Paul Jennings|
|Tayloe House||Compensated emancipation, only in DC...|
|Decatur House Slave Quarters||Men, women, and children from two families living together in 900 square feet...|
|Emancipation in the President's Neighborhood, 1850||Emancipation in the President's Neighborhood, 1850|
|"Negro Life at the South"||A 1859 painting by Eastman Johnson depicting urban slavery.|
|"The Negro Celebration in Washington"||1866 article and engraving about Emancipation Celebration in Washington, DC and President Johnson's address.|
|President's House Carpenters' Roll from May 1795||Payment record for carpenters,including five enslaved men, who constructed the President's House.|
|Emancipation Day in Washington, D.C.||Emancipation Day in Washington, D.C.|
|Bill of Sale for Charlotte Dupuy to Henry Clay||Bill of Sale for Charlotte Dupuy from James Condon to Henry Clay.|
|Bill of Sale for Paul Jennings from Dolley Madison to Pollard Webb||Document recording Dolley Madison's 1847 sale of Paul Jennings to Pollard Webb.|
|Charlotte Dupuy's Petition||Letter written by Robert Beale on behalf of Charlotte Dupuy petitioning the Judges to summon Henry Clay to court.|
|Decatur House Slave Quarters Floor Plans||Floorplans and architectural drawings of the Decatur House slave quarters.|
|Thomas Greene Bethune [Wiggins], 1849 -1908||Photograph of blind piano prodigy Thomas Greene Bethune, the first African American artist to perform at the White House.|
|Emancipation in the District of Columbia - List of the Petitions Filed||Government document showing claims paid for emancipated slaves to the former owners.|
|First page of a letter from Henry Clay to his agent in Washington, Philip Fendall, regarding Charlotte Dupuy's petition for freedom||Letter written written by Henry Clay to his agent in Washington, Philip Fendall, regarding Charlotte Dupuy's bid for freedom.|
|Gadsby Slave Quarters at Decatur House ca.1937||Photograph taken by Volkmar Wentzel in 1937 showing the H Street side of the slave quarters at Decatur House.|