Inside the White House


Chapter Two: The White House Gardens & Grounds  ›

White House grounds and acreage: William Seale, The White House Garden, WHHA, 1996, 8, 14, and 20; "The President's Park," accessed May 31, 2013

Presidents as indoor and outdoor gardeners: Seale, The White House Garden, 25-28; Jonathan W. Pliska, "White House Grounds," lecture presentation at the White House Historical Association, October 20, 2009

Planted grounds of President's Park: Ibid., 16-20; Pliska, "White House Grounds"

"A beautiful spot": Abigail Adams to Abigail Adams Smith, November 21, 1800, Charles Francis Adams, ed., Letters of Mrs. Adams, Wife of John Adams, vol. 2 (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840), 241

Jefferson gardens and grounds improvements: Seale, The White House Garden, 28 ; Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Charles Bizet; iron fence; driveway and gates: Seale, The White House Garden, 33-35; Pliska, "White House Grounds"

John Foy; John Ousley: Seale, The White House Garden, 37 and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

James Maher: Seale, The White House Garden, 37-38 and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

"Camellias and laurestina": As quoted, William Seale, The President's House, Vol. I, 265

Extensive White House tree planting: Seale, The White House Garden, 83 and Pliska, "White House Grounds,"104

White House indoor plant varieties: Seale, The White House Garden, 42-43

White House stables: William B. Bushong, "Presidents as Horsemen," White House History (Fall 2006), 4-19

Van Buren gardens and grounds criticized: "Speech of Mr. Ogle, of Pennsylvania, on the Regal Splendor of the President's Palace. Delivered in the House of Representatives, April 14, 1840." Reprinted in White House History (Winter 2002), 227-289

"Enclosed by a high stone wall": Ibid., 232; also quoted in Seale, The White House Garden, 43

Greenhouse modifications: Seale, The White House Garden, 43-44

New greenhouse (West Terrace roof): Ibid.

Dangerous "effluvia": Seale, The President's House, Vol. I, 304

A.J. Downing plans: Seale, The White House Garden, 83; Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Fillmore and Downing redesign review: Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Modest gardens and grounds changes: Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Clark Mills' A. Jackson statue; gas lamps, metal fences and garden maintenance: Seale, The White House Garden, 83 and 116; Pliska, "White House Grounds"

South Lawn and south grounds fountain: Seale, The White House Garden, 102-103

D'Angers T. Jefferson statue: Ibid.

Lincolns' summer escapes; Washington City Canal: Matthew Pinsker, Lincoln's Sanctuary: Abraham Lincoln and the Soldier's Home, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 4. For pestilence of the Washington Canal, see Reps, Washington on View, 1991, 151-152

Grant family enjoyment of White House grounds and greenhouses: Seale, The President's House, Vol. I, 436-438

South Portico flower garden restoration: Seale, The White House Garden, 85, and 107

Ellipse development: Ibid., 107

Easter egg roll; Marine Band concerts: Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Sousa and Marine Band concerts: Ibid., 304-305; D. Michael Ressler, Historical Perspective on the President's Own, U.S. Marine Band (Washington: History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1998), 15-18

Greenhouses dismantled: Seale, The White House Garden, 57 and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Rose Garden plan and design: Seale, The White House Garden, 67 and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

"One flower that unites all": As quoted in Rachel Lambert Mellon, "President Kennedy's Rose Garden," White House History (1983), 9-15

East Garden (Jacqueline Kennedy Garden): Seale, The White House Garden, 62, and 65-67 and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. White House landscape concept: Seale, The White House Garden, 107 and 109; and Pliska, "White House Grounds"

White House grounds opened for public tours: Pliska, "White House Grounds"

South Lawn and Rose Garden dinners, concerts and fairs: Ibid.

White House vegetable gardens: Ibid.

Commemorative tree plantings: Seale, The White House Garden, 81

White House grounds security and access: U.S. Secret Service, Public Report of the White House Security Review, "Evolution of Presidential Security" 52-92, accessed May 31, 2013




»  Chapter One

»  Chapter Two

»  Chapter Three

»  Chapter Four

»  Chapter Five

»  Chapter Six

»  Chapter Seven

»  Chapter Eight

»  Chapter Nine

»  Chapter Ten


»  Source Note Index