Inside the White House

Chapter Three: The West Wing  ›

"White House Workshop": "White House Workshop," Harper's Weekly 46 (November 29, 1902)

William Shaw: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 1, 78

Polk Cabinet photograph: Clifford Krainik, "Discovered: An Unknown Brady Portrait of President James K. Polk and Members of His Cabinet," White House History 21 (Fall 2007), 230-233

Notable Secretaries of State: Gilson Willets, Inside History of the White House (New York: The Christian Herald, 1908), 190-191

T. Roosevelt "gesturing freely": Willets, Inside History of the White House, 192

Treaty Room (Cabinet Room): Betty C. Monkman, The White House: Its Historic Furnishings and First Families (Washington: White House Historical Association, 2000), 144-147

J.B. Henry: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 1, 326-327, 331-332

Mary Lincoln as "Hellcat": Catherine Clinton, Mrs. Lincoln: A Life (New York: HarperCollins, 2009), 172

William H. Crook: Willets, Inside History of the White House, 175-176; William H. Crook, Through Five Administrations. Compiled and edited by Margarita Spalding Gerry. (Philadelphia: Curtis Publishing Co., 1910 ), passim

Charles Loeffler: Willets, Inside History of the White House, 176-177

Thomas Pendel: Thomas Pendel, Thirty-Six Years in the White House (Washington: Neale Publishing Co., 1902); Willets, Inside History of the White House, 177-180

Cortelyou Executive Offices procedures, rules, guidelines: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 1, 658-661

"Head of the nation does not live in his shop": "White House Workshop," Harper's Weekly 46 (November 29, 1902)

First Oval Office: Seale, The White House, 204-206

Eric Gugler Oval Office redesign: Seale, The White House, 221-223; Robert A. Caro, The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012), 437-438

Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty: "Concluding the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty," Chapter 5 in Lisa A. Baglione, To Agree or Not to Agree: Leadership, Bargaining, and Arms Control (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999), 85-110

"You never knew what to expect": Edmund W. Starling (with Thomas Sugrue), Starling of the White House (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1946), 184-185

"While all Americans can't win the Medal": John F. Kennedy, "Remarks at a Reception Honoring Medal of Honor Recipients, May 2, 1963," Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: John F. Kennedy, 1963 (Washington: GPO, 1964), 364

"Father Kapaun": "President Obama Awards Medal of Honor to Father Emil Kapaun," April 11, 2013, accessed November 8, 2013

"Posing ground": "The Presidency: Eye to Eye," Time 18 (November 23, 1931), 13

U.S. Grant routine: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 1, 447-449

"No easy matter": Arthur Bernon Tourtellot, The Presidents on the Presidency (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964), 374

"Touches the happiness": Herbert Hoover, The New Day: Campaign Speeches of Herbert Hoover, 1928 (Palo Alto, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1928), 4

"At liberty . . . to be as big a man as he can": Ronald J. Pestritto, ed., Woodrow Wilson: The Essential Political Writings (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005), 184

Oval office: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 2, 19-20

Resolute Desk: "Treasures of the White House: The Resolute Desk," White House Historical Association, accessed November 8, 2013

"The hours are long": Haynes Johnson, The Working White House (New York: Praeger, 1975), 88

Secret Service protection: "The Evolution of Presidential Security," in Public Report of the White House Security Review, accessed November 8, 2013

Pennsylvania Avenue closed to traffic: Stephen C. Fehr and Ann Devroy, "Security Fears Spur Pennsylvania Ave. Closing," Washington Post, May 20, 1995

"Regarded the bomb as a military weapon": David McCullough, Truman (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992 ), 442

Cuban Missile Crisis: Howard Jones, Crucible of Power: A History of American Foreign Relations from 1945 (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2009), 115-122

"Attacks can shake the foundations": Gregory Fontenot, E. J. Degen and David Tohn, On Point: The United States Army in Operation Iraqi Freedom (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2005), 22

"I would have preferred": Gleaves Whitney, ed., American Presidents: Farewell Messages to the Nation, 1796-2001 (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2003), 434

Evolution of White House press corps: Martha Joynt Kumar, "The White House Beat at the Century Mark: Reporters Establish Position to Cover the 'Elective Kingship'," 5-32, accessed November 8, 2013, also Martha Joynt Kumar, Managing the President's Message: The White House Communications Operation (Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007), passim

Polk photographed in White House: Krainik, "Unknown Brady Portrait of President James K. Polk," 231-233; Seale, The White House, 103

"Belongs to the people": Emily Edson Briggs, The Olivia Letters: Being Some History of Washington City for Forty Years as Told by the Letters of a Newspaper Correspondent (New York: Neale Publishing Co., 1906), 168

Lamont, Porter, Cortelyou: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 1, 535, 537, 596-597, 601-602, 658-661, 663, 696-697

Harding makeup rule: "Harding's Speech Clutters Wires," The Fourth Estate, No. 1451 (December 17, 1921), 6

Truman televised White House tour (1952): Rex W. Scouten, "President Truman's Televised Tour," White House History (Spring 1999), 296-300

Robert Montgomery and Eisenhower: Burton W. Peretti, The Leading Man: Hollywood and the Presidential Image (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2012), 108-114

Kennedy live press conference: Martha Joynt Kumar, "Presidential Press Conferences: Windows on the Presidency and Its Occupants," accessed November 8, 2013; Pierre Salinger, With Kennedy (New York: Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1966), 138

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»  Chapter Two

»  Chapter Three

»  Chapter Four

»  Chapter Five

»  Chapter Six

»  Chapter Seven

»  Chapter Eight

»  Chapter Nine

»  Chapter Ten

»  Source Note Index