Inside the White House

Chapter Nine: Innovations and Technology  ›

Harrison family refusal to use switches: Hoover, Forty-Two Years in the White House, 7

"Pulled apart, arranged": William Seale, The White House: The History of an American Idea (Washington: American Institute of Architects Press, 1992), xi

"Shiver, shiver": Edith B. Gelles, "Abigail Adams as First Lady," in William Seale, ed., The White House: Actors and Observers (Washington: White House Historical Association, 2002), 7

Pettibone furnace: Seale, The White House 82, 84

Hot-water system: Seale, The White House, 85

Cold running water and plumbing improvements: Seale, The White House, 88-89

Upstairs bathtub: Seale, The White House, 90

"Red Top": Alyn Brodsky, Grover Cleveland: A Study in Character (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000), 175-176

Electric blower for Garfield: Ira M. Rutkow, James A. Garfield (New York: Times Books, 2006), 111

Air conditioning: White House History Timelines: Technology

Natural light: Seale, The White House, 85

Lard oil: Seale, The White House, 85

Argand lamp: Seale, The White House, 86

Gaslight: Seale, The White House, 87-88

Electricity: Hoover, Forty-Two Years in the White House, 3-7

Solar panels: John Wihbey, "Jimmy Carter's Solar Panels: A Lost History That Haunts Today," Yale Forum on Climate Change and the Media, November 11, 2008

White House stables: Bushong, "Presidents as Horsemen," 5-12

Presidents' horse-drawn vehicles: Bushong, "Presidents as Horsemen," 14

McKinley in automobile: Michael L. Bromley, William Howard Taft and the First Motoring Presidency, 1909-1913 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Co., Inc., Publishers, 2003), 13

T. Roosevelt in automobile: Bromley, Taft and the First Motoring Presidency, 15

Taft and White House automobiles: Bromley, Taft and the First Motoring Presidency, 48-56

"The Roosevelts are horse people": Bushong, "Presidents as Horsemen," 18

A. Johnson "Swing around the Circle": Hans L. Trefousse, Andrew Johnson: A Biography (New York: Norton, 1989), 263-265

Jackson on train: Robert V. Remini, The Life of Andrew Jackson (New York: HarperCollins, 2001), 254

FDR and Boeing 314 flying boat: Von Hardesty, Air Force One: The Aircraft That Shaped the Modern Presidency (Chanhassen, Minn.: NorthWord Press, 2003), 37

Truman and Independence (DC-6): J.F. terHorst and Ralph Albertazzie, The Flying White House: The Story of Air Force One (New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, Inc., 1979), 159-164

Eisenhower jets: terHorst and Albertazzie, The Flying White House, 176-183

Kennedy and Raymond Loewy: terHorst and Albertazzie, The Flying White House, 201-202

Eisenhower helicopter: Walter J. Boyne, Beyond the Wild Blue: A History of the U.S. Air Force, 1947-1997 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997), 384

Lincoln and telegraph: David Homer Bates, Lincoln in the Telegraph Office (New York: The Century Co., 1907), 3, 7-8

First White House telephone: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 2, 476

McKinley War room: Waldon Fawcett, "The War Room at the White House," World's Work 3 (March 1902), 1841-1843

First transcontinental telephone call: "Phone to Pacific from the Atlantic," New York Times, January 26, 1915

Moscow-White House "hotline": Tom Clavin, "There Never Was Such a Thing as a Red Phone in the White House," Smithsonian, June 19, 2013, accessed November 8, 2013; Desmond Ball, "Can Nuclear War Be Controlled?" Chapter 11 in Paul Joseph and Simon Rosenblum, eds., Search for Sanity: The Politics of Nuclear Weapons and Disarmament (Boston: South End Press, 1984), 169

L. Johnson use of hotline: Ball, "Can Nuclear War Be Controlled?," 169-170

First White House typewriter: Seale, The President's House, Vol. 2, 476

Coolidge radio broadcasts: Jerry L. Wallace, Calvin Coolidge: Our First Radio President (Plymouth Notch, Vt.: Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation, 2008); Lindsey E. Pack, "Calvin Coolidge," in Donald G. Godfrey and Frederic A. Leigh, eds., Historical Dictionary of American Radio (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1998), 94

Fireside chats: Russell D. Buhite and David W. Levy, eds., FDR's Fireside Chats (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992), xix, xx

"Let us unite in banishing fear": Buhite and Levy, FDR's Fireside Chats, 12, 17

FDR on television: Gary Edgerton, The Columbia History of American Television (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), 13-14

"Trying a new experiment this morning": Frederick N. Rasmussen, "Eisenhower Held First Televised News Conference in 1955," Baltimore Sun, January 22, 2011

Robert Montgomery and Eisenhower: Burton W. Peretti, The Leading Man: Hollywood and the Presidential Image (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2012), 108-114 Salinger, With Kennedy, 138

Herbert Klein: Martha Joynt Kumar, Managing the President's Message: The White House Communications Operation (Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007), 144

"News organizations represent": Kumar, Managing the President's Message, 305

NSC automated information systems: John Laprise, "Kissinger's Computer: National Security Council Computerization, 1969–1972," IEEE Computer Society Annals 33 (January-March 2011), 38-51

Carl Calo: Edith Holmes, "White House Taps Interdata," Computerworld 12 (May 22, 1978), 1, 6

First White House web site: "Snap shot" at William J. Clinton Presidential Library and Museum, accessed November 8, 2013

Obama Twitter town hall:"#AskObama at the First Ever Twitter @Townhall at the White House"

First Lady Twitter account: "Follow First Lady Michelle Obama @FLOTUS on Twitter"

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