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LESSONS: GRADES 9-12  ›  President and Public Pressure, "For a Redress of Grievances"
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LESSON BIBLIOGRAPHY


Aptheker, Herbert. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States, 1933-1945. New York: Citadel Press, 1992.

Blum, John M. and Edmund S. Morgan, Willie Lee Rose, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Kenneth M. Stampp, C. Vann Woodward. The National Experience, A History of the United States, 5th Edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1981.

Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Brinkley, David. Washington Goes to War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.

Carson, Clayborne; David J.Garrow, Gerald Gill, Vincent Harding, Darlene Clark Hine, general editors. The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.

Executive Order 9981.

Fairclough, Adam. Martin Luther King Jr. Athens, Georgia: The University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. No Ordinary Time. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.

Hampton, Henry, executive producer. Eyes on the Prize. [PBS video series] Boston: Blackside, Inc.

Hampton, Henry and Steve Fayer with Sarah Flynn. Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

James, Dante, producer/director. A Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom. [video] Washington, DC: WETA, 1993.

Lewis, John. Walking with the Wind, A Memoir of the Movement. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1998.

Manchester, William. The Glory and the Dream. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

Marable, Manning, and Leith Mullings, editors. Let Nobody Turn Us Around: Voices of Resistance, Reform, and Renewal. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2000.

McCullough, David. Truman. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1992.

Nelson, Michael, editor. Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the Presidency. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1989.

Patterson, Lillie. A Philip Randolph, Messenger for the Masses. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1996.

Pfeffer, Paula F. A Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana University Press, 1990.

Pious, Richard M. The Young Oxford Companion to the Presidency of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Randolph, A. Philip. Address at the 1963 March on Washington. Washington, DC: The A. Philip Randolph Institute.

Reeves, Richard. President Kennedy, Profile of Power. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

Stoler, Mark. George C. Marshall, Soldier-Statesman of the American Century. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1989.

The Truman Administration and the Desegregation of the Armed Forces, a Chronology.

Desegregation of the Armed Forces, Collection of Correspondence, [1948 Folder],



ENDNOTES


An Introduction for Teachers

1. Paula F. Pfeffer. A Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, p. 134.

2. Ibid, p. 138.

3. Lillie Patterson. A Philip Randolph, Messenger for the Masses, p. 84.

4. Pfeffer, p. 148.

5. William Manchester. The Glory and the Dream, p. 982.


Part 1: Franklin D. Roosevelt, A. Philip Randolph, and the Desegregation of the Defense Industries.

1. Paula Pfeffer. A Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, p. 84.

2. Lillie Patterson. A Philip Randolph, Messenger for the Masses, p. 2.

3. Doris Kearns Goodwin. No Ordinary Time, p. 247.

4. Pfeffer, p. 46.

5. Goodwin, p. 165.

6. Pfeffer, p. 46.

7. Goodwin, p. 168.

8. Ibid. [Goodwin’s italics]

9. Ibid, p. 169.

10. Ibid.

11. Patterson, p. 4.

12. Pfeffer, p. 47.

13. Patterson, p. 5.

14. Ibid.

15. Goodwin, p. 248.

16. Ibid, p. 249.

17. Ibid.

18. Pfeffer, p. 48.

19. David Brinkley. Washington Goes to War, p. 83.

20. Goodwin, p. 250.

21. Pfeffer, p. 49.

22. Goodwin, p. 251.

23. Patterson, p. 7.

24. Goodwin, p. 251.

25. Goodwin, p. 252.

26. Patterson, p. 8.

27. Ibid.

28. Pfeffer, pp. 50-51.

29. Blum, John M. and Edmund S. Morgan, Willie Lee Rose, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Kenneth M. Stampp, C. Vann Woodward. The National Experience, a History of the United States, p. 729.

30. Pfeffer, p. 84.

31. Goodwin, p. 251.


Part 2: Harry S. Truman, A. Philip Randolph, and the Desegregation of the Armed Forces.

1. Doris Kearns Goodwin. No Ordinary Time, p. 566.

2. Ibid, p. 567.

3. Ibid, p. 568.

4. Ibid.

5. The Truman Administration and the Desegregation of the Armed Forces, A Chronology, p. 1.

6. David McCullough. Truman, p. 587.

7. Ibid, p. 588.

8. Ibid, p. 589.

9. Paula F. Pfeffer. A Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, p. 137.

10. A. Philip Randolph Letter of January 8, 1948, [Folder 1948];

11. A. Philip Randolph Letter of January 12, 1948 [Folder 1948];

12. Memo for Matt Connelly of January 20, 1948, [Folder 1948];

13. Pfeffer, pp. 137-138.

14. Lillie Patterson. A Philip Randolph, Messenger for the Masses, p. 83.

15. Memorandum of the Committee Against Jim Crow in Military Service and Training, March 22, 1948, [Folder 1948];

16. Patterson, p. 84.

17. Pfeffer, p. 138.

18. Ibid.

19. Patterson, p. 84.

20. Ibid.

21. Pfeffer, p. 139.

22. Ibid, 140.

23. Ibid, 141.

24. Ibid.

25. Ibid, p. 142.

26. Grant Reynolds and A. Philip Randolph Letter of June 29, 1948, [Folder 1948];

27. Ibid.

28. Patterson, p. 85.

29. McCullough, p. 643.

30. Grant Reynolds and A. Philip Randolph Letter of July 15, 1948, [Folder 1948];

31. Ibid.

32. Executive Order 9981.

33. Pfeffer, p. 148.

34. Ibid, p. 167. [Pfeffer quotes William Berman].

35. McCullough, p. 915.

36. Ibid, p. 918.

37. Pfeffer, p. 168.


Part 3: John F. Kennedy, A. Philip Randolph, and the March on Washington

1. Taylor Branch. Parting the Waters, p. 759.

2. Adam Fairclough. Martin Luther King Jr., p. 84.

3. Ibid, p. 85.

4. Branch, p. 820.

5. Richard Reeves. President Kennedy: Profile in Power, p. 519.

6. Ibid, p. 520.

7. Ibid, p. 518.

8. Branch, p. 822.

9. Ibid.

10. Reeves, p. 521.

11. Clayborne Carson and others, The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader, p. 161.

12. Ibid.

13. Reeves, p. 523.

14. Branch, p. 828.

15. Reeves, p. 529.

16. Branch, p. 839.

17. Ibid.

18. Ibid, p. 840.

19. Paula Pfeffer. A. Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, p. 244.

20. Branch, p. 840

21. Ibid.

22. Ibid, p. 841.

23. Pfeffer, p. 245.

24. Ibid.

25. Branch, p. 873.

26. Ibid.

27. Pfeffer, p. 249.

28. Fairclough, p. 89.

29. Reeves, p. 581.

30. Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer. Voices of Freedom, p. 161.

31. Ibid.

32. Reeves, p. 581.

33. Ibid.

34. Manning Marable and Keith Mullings. Let Nobody Turn Us Around, p. 407.

35. Reeves, p. 581.

36. John Lewis. Walking with the Wind. p. 223.

37. Branch, p. 878.

38. Hampton, p. 164.

39. Lewis, p. 226.

40. Branch, p. 880.

41. Reeves, p. 578.

42. Branch, p. 878.

43. Reeves, p. 578.

44. A. Philip Randolph. Address at the 1963 March on Washington.

45. Branch, p. 881.

46. Ibid, pp. 882-883.

47. Ibid.

48. Ibid, p. 886.

49. Hampton, p. 170.



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