Title: Engraving of Eliza McCardle Johnson
Description: During the Civil War, Eliza McCardle Johnson was thrown out of her home in east Tennessee and forced to find shelter elsewhere. The strain of the war left Mrs. Johnson weak, and so her daughter, Martha Johnson Patterson, served as White House hostess. As hostess, Mrs. Patterson found portraits of John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren, John Tyler, James K. Polk, Millard Fillmore, and Franklin Pierce in an attic. She had them framed and hung in the White House, a tradition still practiced in the mansion today.
Date: 1883 (published)
Creator: John Chester Buttre
Credit: Library of Congress