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Presidential Inaugurations: I Do Solemnly Swear - Photo 3

Presidential Inaugurations: I Do Solemnly Swear - Photo 3

Credit
Library of Congress

Presidential Inaugurations: I Do Solemnly Swear - Photo 3

In 1853, Franklin Pierce became the only president to "affirm" rather than "swear" his oath of office, as permitted in the Constitution.

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