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The Enslaved Households of Martin Van Buren - Photo 3

The Enslaved Households of Martin Van Buren - Photo 3

Credit
National Archives, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29

The Enslaved Households of Martin Van Buren - Photo 3

These pages from the 1840 census show that five free and four enslaved African Americans were at the White House toward the end of Martin Van Buren's presidency. There is no documentary evidence that the president owned these four enslaved people, leaving two possible explanations. These four individuals were either hired out or they were brought to the White House by Angelica Van Buren, the president's daughter-in-law.

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