In 25 years of political life, Betty Bloomer Ford did not expect to become first lady. As wife of Representative Gerald R. Ford, she looked forward to his retirement and more time together. In late 1973 his selection as vice president was a surprise to her. She was just becoming accustomed to their new roles when he became president upon President Nixon’s resignation in August 1974.
Born Elizabeth Anne Bloomer in Chicago, she grew up in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and graduated from high school there. She studied modern dance at Bennington College in Vermont, decided to make it a career, and became a member of Martha Graham’s noted concert group in New York City, supporting herself as a fashion model for the John Robert Powers ﬁrm.
Close ties with her family and her hometown took her back to Grand Rapids, where she became fashion coordinator for a department store. She also organized her own dance group and taught dance to handicapped children.
Her ﬁrst marriage, at age 24, ended in divorce ﬁve years later on the grounds of incompatibility. Not long afterward she began dating Jerry Ford, football hero, graduate of the University of Michigan and Yale Law School, and soon a candidate for Congress. They were married during the 1948 campaign; he won his election; and the Fords lived in the Washington area for nearly three decades thereafter.
Their four children—Michael, Jack, Steven, and Susan—were born in the next 10 years. As her husband’s political career became more demanding, Betty Ford found herself shouldering many of the family responsibilities. She supervised the home, did the cooking, undertook volunteer work, and took part in the activities of “House wives” and “Senate wives” for Congressional and Republican clubs. In addition, she was an effective campaigner for her husband.
Betty Ford faced her new life as ﬁrst lady with dignity and serenity. She accepted it as a challenge. “I like challenges very much,” she said. She had the self-conﬁdence to express herself with humor and forthrightness whether speaking to friends or to the public. Forced to undergo radical surgery for breast cancer in 1974, she reassured many troubled women by discussing her ordeal openly. She explained that “maybe if I as ﬁrst lady could talk about it candidly and without embarrassment, many other people would be able to as well.”As soon as possible, she resumed her duties as hostess at the Executive Mansion and her role as a public-spirited citizen. She did not hesitate to state her views on controversial issues such as the Equal Rights Amendment, which she strongly supported.
From their home in California, she was equally frank about her successful battle against dependency on drugs and alcohol. She helped establish the Betty Ford Center for addiction treatment at the Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage.
In retrospect Betty described the role of ﬁrst lady as “much more of a 24-hour job than anyone would guess” and says of her predecessors: “Now that I realize what they’ve had to put up with, I have new respect and admiration for every one of them.” Betty Ford died in 2011 at the age of 93 and is buried alongside her husband at the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
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