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A reviewing stand is usually constructed for the use of the president during the inaugural parade, the necessity arising as inaugural parades got longer — sometimes lasting for more than five hours. The design of these stands has varied greatly over time, with some being little more than platforms, while others were ornate two-story edifices.

In the past, additional grandstands were constructed on either side of Pennsylvania Avenue for other paying spectators. Decorated areas — usually the White House, reviewing grandstands, nearby buildings — came to be known as the Court of Honor. Images of stands reveal them to be fanciful, flamboyant constructions, bedecked with flags, swaddled in bunting, and decorated with flowers. Presidents sometimes had ideas about how the reviewing stands should look.

For his 1905 version, Theodore Roosevelt borrowed a collection of statues of notable Americans that had been exhibited at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Woodrow Wilson’s 1913 stand was modeled after his boyhood home in Staunton, Virginia. Today the reviewing stands are equipped with bulletproof glass, heaters, seats, and refreshments. The newly inaugurated president’s family, friends and invited dignitaries can watch the long parade in a comfortable atmosphere.

Woodrow Wilson’s reviewing stand in 1913 was inspired by his boyhood home in Staunton, Virginia.

Library of Congress

The Washington press mocked the small reviewing stand of President Calvin Coolidge and the brief one-hour parade in 1925.

Office of the Curator, The White House

In 1929, Herbert Hoover’s striped reviewing stand gave the occasion a festive feeling.

Library of Congress

The design for Dwight D. Eisenhower’s reviewing stand in 1953 was chosen in a competition sponsored by the American Institute of Architects.

National Archives and Records Administration

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